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Migracion y Derechos Humanos

por Alejandra Castaneda Última modificación 24/02/2010 12:27
THE “FUNNEL EFFECT” & RECOVERED BODIES OF UNAUTHORIZED MIGRANTS PROCESSED BY THE PIMA COUNTY OFFICE OF THE MEDICAL EXAMINER, 1990-2005 por Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith, M. Melissa McCormick, Daniel Martinez, Inez Magdalena Duarte — Última modificación 24/02/2010 12:17
The Binational Migration Institute (BMI) of the University of Arizona’s Mexican American Studies and Research Center (MASRC) 1 has undertaken a unique and scientifically rigorous study of all of the unauthorized border-crosser (UBC) deaths examined by the Pima County Medical Examiner’s Office (PCMEO) from 1990-2005. Because the PCMEO has handled approximately 90% of all of the UBC recovered bodies in the U.S. Border Patrol’s Tucson Sector, an analysis of such deaths serves as both an accurate reflection of the major characteristics of all known UBC deaths that have occurred in this sector, as well as an exact, previously unavailable portrayal of the UBC bodies that have been handled by the overburdened PCMEO since 1990. BMI has also created a comprehensive and reliable set of criteria that can be used to better count and describe known UBC deaths throughout the entire U.S.
Los Derechos Humanos en la Frontera Norte de Mexico por Arturo Solís, del Centro de Estudios Fronterizos y de Promoción de los Derechos Humanos, A.C. — Última modificación 02/03/2010 11:38
En las últimas dos décadas, la región fronteriza de México se ha convertido en una zona con un alto grado de inseguridad. Por su misma condición limítrofe con Estados Unidos, se acentúan aquí fenómenos como el tráfico de drogas y de personas desde México, y el contrabando de todo tipo, lo que provoca niveles de violencia que no se presentan en zonas alejadas de la frontera. La violencia y la inseguridad en la frontera tienen relación generalmente con enfrentamientos entre los grupos que se disputan el control de actividades ilícitas y que muchas veces gozan de la protección de las diversas fuerzas policíacas. En efecto, el involucramiento de las diferentes corporaciones policíacas en actividades ilegales [y] su resistencia a limitar su actuación al marco constitucional también es un problema importante. A su vez, la militarización del área, como consecuencia de “la guerra contra las drogas”, ha tenido un impacto negativo en los derechos humanos en el norte de México. Sin duda, el abuso del poder es uno de los lastres más pesados que arrastra la historia de la sociedad mexicana. Lo anterior significa que millones de mexicanos--fundamentalmente los más desprotegidos--son víctimas no sólo de penurias económicas sino de otras graves violaciones a sus derechos fundamentales.
Migracion y Derechos Humanos por Manuel Angel Castillo — Última modificación 04/03/2010 12:23
 
Migracion Internacional, Derechos Humanos y Desarrollo en America Latina y el Caribe por Reporte CEPAL — Última modificación 05/03/2010 17:24
 
Derecho laboral y derechos humanos de los migrantes en estatus irregular en EEUU por Rebecca Smith — Última modificación 08/03/2010 13:06
 
Guilty by Immigration Status: a Report on U.S. Violations of the Rights of Immigrant Families, Workers and Communities in 2008 por HURRICANE, Human Rights Immigrant Community Action Network — Última modificación 08/03/2010 13:35
Guilty by Immigration Status reveals that immigration policing t 1 is causing a disturbing pattern of abuses and rights violations – a pattern that has severely and detrimentally affected the livelihood and safety of entire families, workers and communities across the U.S. In particular, the report describes how the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), along with other police, public officials and agencies, routinely trumped the civil rights and constitutional protections of a person in order to question, detain and/or jail them solely based on their actual or perceived immigration status. The pattern of DHS practices and policies illustrated in the report gives evidence to a dramatic expansion and consolidation of an “immigration control regime,” under which the human rights of immigrants, including legal permanent residents and U.S. citizens, are routinely violated at the U.S.-Mexico border and in the U.S. interior.2 Unless the components of this regime are halted and dismantled, the long-held promise of immigration reform – the lifting of millions of immigrant workers and their families out of a life of fear and exploitation – will be severely undermined.
Protection through Integration: The Mexican Government’s Efforts to Aid Migrants in the United States por Laureen Laglagaron — Última modificación 11/03/2010 16:36
Mexican consular officials safeguard and protect the interests of their nationals in the United States, performing many of the same functions as any other diplomatic staff in a foreign country. As an immigrant-sending country, Mexico also offers its nationals in the United States low-cost transfer rates for remittances and programs that match migrant investment in communities of origin dollar for dollar. In recent years, the Mexican government has moved beyond traditional notions of consular protection by establishing a broad institutional structure, the Institute of Mexicans Abroad (Instituto de los Mexicanos en el Exterior or IME), to deliver an array of civic, health, education, and financial services to its migrants — 95 percent of whom live in the United States. The proximity and concentration of their diaspora allows Mexico to establish or coordinate programs geared towards helping Mexican migrants transition to life in the United States. By promoting services that seek to integrate its migrants in a receiving country, the Mexican government has taken on a task that has traditionally been the work of receiving-country institutions, not sending countries. IME’s work represents one of the most significant, if overlooked, factors in US immigrant integration policy. This report does not evaluate IME programs but rather seeks to detail its activities in a first-ever attempt to map the expanding array of IME programs within the United States.
En EU, más de 120 mil migrantes indígenas; 10 mil son de Cherán: Ininee por CHRISTIAN HERNÁNDEZ — Última modificación 14/03/2010 13:22
En Estados Unidos existen unos 120 mil indígenas según diversas estimaciones, y tan sólo de Cherán hay aproximadamente 10 mil, lo que es una muestra de la importancia de este fenómeno para el cual deben considerarse políticas públicas que atiendan a este sector vulnerable de la sociedad, consideró el investigador del Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales (Ininee), Casimiro Leco Tomás.
Post Deportation Human Rights Project Report por Center for Human Rights and International Justice, varios autores — Última modificación 01/04/2010 14:07
Facing Deportation por Alejandra Castaneda — Última modificación 08/04/2010 12:58
 
In the Child's Best Interest? The Consequences of Loosing a Lawful Immigrant Parent to Deportation por International Human Rights Law Clinic University of California, Berkeley/ School of Law, Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity and Diversity University of California, Berkeley/ School of Law, Immigration Law Clinic — Última modificación 05/04/2010 16:58
Congress is considering a comprehensive overhaul of the nation’s immigration laws more than a decade after the enactment of strict immigration measures. Lawmakers should take this opportunity to reaffirm the nation’s historic commitment to family unity by addressing the discrete provisions that currently undermine it. Current U.S. immigration laws mandate deportation of lawful permanent resident (LPR) parents of thousands of U.S. citizen children, without providing these parents an opportunity to challenge their forced separations. Through a multi-disciplinary analysis, this policy brief examines the experiences of U.S. citizen children impacted by the forced deportation of their LPR parents and proposes ways to reform U.S. law consistent with domestic and international standards aimed to improve the lives of children. This report includes new, independent analysis of U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) data. We estimate that more than 100,000 children have been affected by LPR parental deportation between 1997 and 2007, and that at least 88,000 of impacted children were U.S. citizens. Moreover, our analysis estimates that approximately 44,000 children were under the age of 5 when their parent was deported. In addition to these children, this analysis estimates that more than 217,000 others experienced the deportation of an immediate family member who was an LPR.
Human Rights Abuses Against Immigrant Parents por NNIRRS'HURRICANE Report — Última modificación 07/04/2010 12:15
 
Forced Apart (By the Numbers) Non-Citizens Deported Mostly for Nonviolent Offenses por Human Rights Watch Report — Última modificación 08/04/2010 13:22
A 2007 Human Rights Watch report found that non-citizens who have lived in the United States for decades, including lawful permanent residents (persons with “green cards”), have been summarily deported from the country for criminal conduct, including minor crimes. The deportations occur after the non-citizen has finished serving his or her criminal sentence. They have had devastating effects upon many American families, hence the title of that 2007 report, “Forced Apart: Families Separated and Immigrants Harmed by United States Deportation Policy.”1 The laws allowing for these deportations (or “removals”)2 were passed in 1996 and went into effect 12 years ago, in April 1997. This report reveals for the first time exactly which kinds of non-citizens have been deported from the United States between 1997 and 2007 under these laws, and for what types of crimes. Our analysis is based on data Human Rights Watch obtained in August 2008 from US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), an agency within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), after a two-and-a-half-year battle under the Freedom of Information Act, described in detail in the appendix to “Forced Apart.” We requested these data (the “ICE data” or the “ICE dataset”) to better document the human rights violations, including impacts upon families, that occur in the course of these deportations. We also sought the data so that policymakers and the public could be better informed about ICE’s use of its enforcement powers and resources. In fiscal year 2007 alone, the agency spent $2.24 billion on identification, detention, and removal of non-citizens, and a minimum of $300 million of that total was specifically earmarked for deportations on criminal grounds.3
Immigration and Human Rights in the internet por Georgetown — Última modificación 29/04/2010 17:38
 
International Migration and Human Rights por Stephanie Grant — Última modificación 29/04/2010 17:57
The paper examines the different ways in which international migration and human rights intersect, both in countries of origin, transit and destination, and in relation to particular socioeconomic groups. It then reviews the protection given to migrants’ rights under international law - human rights law, labour standards, criminal law and through diplomatic protection - and their duties to host societies. It considers the role of human rights as a policy tool in current migration discussions, suggests some elements of a rights based approach to migration, and identifies ‘good practices’ at the national, regional and international levels. The paper identifies as an over-riding priority the need to create a situation in which migration can take place in conditions of dignity, and become an informed choice, rather than a strategy of survival - even desperation - in an economically asymmetric world, as it is today for many migrants.
Informe Especial sobre los Casos de Secuestro en Contra de Migrantes por CNDH — Última modificación 26/08/2010 21:08
La Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos ha tomado conocimiento de los constantes y graves eventos de secuestro de que son víctimas los migrantes en su trayecto por el territorio nacional. La información que sustenta este conocimiento se basa en las quejas presentadas por los propios agraviados o abiertas de oficio por este organismo nacional, en testimonios recabados en albergues, estaciones migratorias y lugares de alta concentración y tránsito de migrantes, y en la información recabada y proporcionada por la Dimensión Pastoral de la Movilidad Humana de la Conferencia del Episcopado Mexicano y por los albergues y casas de migrantes que conforman la Red del Registro Nacional de Agresiones a Migrantes1, así como en informaciones periodísticas publicadas en medios de información nacionales y regionales.
Informe Especial de la CNDH sobre la Situacion de los Derechos Humanos en las Estaciones Migratorias y Lugares Habilitados del Instituto Nacional de Migracion en la Republica Mexicana por CNDH — Última modificación 26/08/2010 21:15
La Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos externa su gran preocupación por el alto índice de marginación y malos tratos que sufren los migrantes durante su estancia en las estaciones migratorias del país y lugares habilitados como tales, y por la falta de interés o la incapacidad de la autoridad responsable para abatir este fenómeno que no ha sido atendido. No obstante que existen programas para mejorar las condiciones de las estaciones migratorias, algunas de ellas continúan careciendo de elementos mínimos de dignidad para el adecuado alojamiento diario de los migrantes que ahí permanecen asegurados, lo que constituye una constante y permanente violación a los derechos humanos de ese grupo vulnerable; aunado a ello, existe en estos establecimientos una concepción netamente compatible con el sistema carcelario, debido a que operan con celdas, rejas metálicas, aldabas, candados, y cuentan con bases de cemento que se usan como camas, características que corresponden más a un reclusorio que a un alojamiento administrativo. Lo anterior se agrava si se considera que a veces los periodos de aseguramiento se prolongan durante semanas o meses.
Outsourcing Responsibility. The Human Cost of Privatized Immigration Detention in Otero County por Carey, Emily P. ACLU, Regional Center for Border Rights, New Mexico — Última modificación 27/02/2011 15:37
This report stems from interviews with more than 200 immigrants detained at the Otero County Processing Center from the time the facility became operational. Outside the boundaries of New Mexico, Otero became known in the advocacy communities as “The Hub” because of all of the immigrants arriving from out of state. In New Mexico, however, local, state, and federal elected officials, the general public, and even some immigrant advocates were not aware of the facility’s existence. For many, the Otero County Processing Center represents a national trend in immigration detention that relies on facilities built in remote locations, lacking legal and community resources for informal oversight, and managed by private, for-profit corporations. This report was conceived out of the desire to learn more about what happens inside the walls of the facility and to raise awareness in New Mexico of the role our state now plays in this matter of national concern.
Escalvos del Siglo XXI. por Dolia Estevez — Última modificación 02/03/2011 13:35
 
Mesa Redonda Migración, Control Fronterizo y Derechos Humanos: la experiencia europea por Alejandra Castaneda — Última modificación 15/04/2011 16:04
 
Informe Especial sobre Secuestro de Migrantes en Mexico por CNDH — Última modificación 19/04/2011 10:07
 
Acto de desobediencia civil detiene autobús con indocumentados para su deportación por Gerardo Lopez — Última modificación 28/04/2011 13:12
 
THE VAN NUYS RAID: A CASE STUDY ON ORGANIZING AND ADVOCACY por Esmeralda López — Última modificación 18/09/2012 14:09
The purpose of this case study is to examine CHIRLA’s work and role in response to the Van Nuys and within the Rapid Response Network as well as the impact of the raid on the workers involved. First, there will be a discussion regarding the alleged “humanitarian” component of raids. Then there will be brief discussion as to the creation and function of the Network. This will be followed by an analysis of CHIRLA’s advocacy and organizing around the Van Nuys raid. Finally, there will be an examination of the lessons learned as a result of CHIRLA’s work with the Van Nuys raid victims.
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