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Mexicanos y Latinos en E.U.

por Alejandra Castaneda Última modificación 28/05/2008 22:37

Seccion con documentos relacionados con la vida de los mexicanos y latinos en Estados Unidos

The State of Latino Chicago, This Is Home Now por Timothy Ready and Allert Brown-Gort — Última modificación 30/04/2008 19:11
Metropolitan Chicago is undergoing a profound transformation from a region dominated politically and demographically by European Americans to one in which no single racial or ethnic group will be the majority. Long a preeminent center of manufacturing and trade, Chicago is known as the city that works. In The State of Latino Chicago, we examine the status of the region’s fastest growing and, arguably, hardest working population. In this first edition of what will be a series of regular reports we present an overview of the contributions of Latinos to the region’s economic vitality. We examine both the assets and contributions that Latinos bring to economic and civic life and the problems and challenges that must be addressed if Latino Chicagoans are to realize their full potential. As will be argued in these pages, the future prosperity and well-being of the entire region depend on the well-being of each of its communities. Despite the recent arrival of many, the Latino presence in Chicago is well established. Latinos are here to stay; they now are the largest racial or ethnic minority group in the region. From this we draw the report’s subtitle: This Is Home Now.
Mexican Transnational Lives and Ethnic Borders within the USA:Barrios in Chicago por Luis Rodolfo Moran Quiroz — Última modificación 21/05/2008 17:52
Since at least the 20’s and 30’s of the twentieth century, Mexican immigrant population has concentrated to create a very notorious kind of social enclaves in the USA. Mexican barrios in cities such as San Diego, Los Angeles and Chicago have been notorious for their colorfullness and their militancy both against “white assimilationist practices” and “Anglo-Saxon or nativist proposals of exclusion” of immigrants in general into the mainstream US society. This paper deals with how urban spaces have been appropriated and re-signified by various groups of Mexican immigrants in the Chicago Area, and have diversified themselves from other “Latino” identities and enclaves within the same urban area at different stages in time. Four such barrios are discussed, contrasted and analyzed in the paper. Some of the policy design implications for local, federal and Mexican governments are discussed, along with some of the institutions that define transnational lives for Mexican communities and families
Estudio sobre mujeres indígenas migrantes, a partir del caso San Quintín y Tijuana en Baja California. por Gerardo A. Gonzalez — Última modificación 06/03/2009 21:59
El análisis presentado en este documento busca discernir sobre las características del proceso migratorio en particular, para identificar los grupos vulnerables, y sugerir un conjunto de acciones al CONAPRED, a fin de configurar una metodología y propuestas de política pública que enriquezcan las estrategias de trabajo del Consejo, a través de la formulación de un diagnóstico general sobre la migración indígena en México y la situación de las mujeres en particular; la integración de un análisis testimonial sobre los principales aspectos de discriminación en contra de las mujeres indígenas en las ciudades de Tijuana y San Quintín en Baja California y, finalmente, con las propuestas dictadas al CONAPRED de acciones de política pública que permitan enfrentar las prácticas discriminatorias en contra de las mujeres indígenas migrantes.
Immigrants Rally in Scores of Cities for Legal Status por RACHEL L. SWARNS — Última modificación 30/06/2008 19:55
La Voz de los Actores. Cuatro relatos. por Leticia Raygoza, Lucia Claro, Ebelia Santos, Juan Fonseca — Última modificación 23/07/2008 18:01
The Politics of Mexican-origin leaders: implications for 2008& beyond. por Workshop, Woodrow Wilson Research Center for International Scholars. — Última modificación 04/08/2008 23:02
CHICANO STUDIES,-1970-1984 por Renato Rosaldo — Última modificación 10/09/2008 14:26
Observations on the 'New' Chicano History:Historiography of the 1970s por Albert Camarillo — Última modificación 10/09/2008 14:46
“Crecen negocios y empresarios latinos en EU y California.” por Bernardo Mendez Lugo — Última modificación 15/09/2008 17:08
Comunidades transnacionales e iniciativas para fortalecer las relaciones con las comunidades mexicanas en los Estados Unidos por Paz Trigueros Legarreta y Remedios Gomez Arnau — Última modificación 24/06/2008 19:03
Mexican Policy & Émigré Communities in the U.S. por David R. Ayon — Última modificación 02/11/2008 16:18
Analisis de las politicas del gobierno mexicano respecto a su diaspora. La política de México hacia la emigración y su diáspora en EEUU ha cambiado repetidamente desde la Revolución. Inicialmente, los gobiernos mexicanos intentaron frenar la migración e inducir la repatriación de los emigrados. Este objetivo se logró substancialmente durante la Gran Depresión. Pero entre 1942 y 1964, México colaboró con EEUU para canalizar migrantes de nuevo al norte y trató de prolongar este arreglo. Cuando éste se canceló, México buscó su restauración por toda una década. En 1975, México repudió la búsqueda de un nuevo programa migratorio y mantuvo esta postura públicamente por los próximos 25 años. Durante este período, México sostuvo su primer diálogo significativo con ciudadanos estadounidenses de ascendencia mexicana. Desde 1990, el enfoque de la política mexicana se ha concentrado de nuevo en los migrantes, pero ahora básicamente aceptando su permanencia en EEUU. Actualmente, México quiere reforzar vínculos con sus migrantes y promover su organización. Además, desde el 2000, la administración Fox busca de nuevo un acuerdo migratorio, con la esperanza de restaurar la 'circularidad' en la migración futura.
¿Somos “migrantes”? por Gregorio Hernandez-Zamora — Última modificación 03/11/2008 19:48
U.S.-MEXICO RELATIONS:Permeable Borders, Transnational Relations por Denise Dresser y Veronica Wilson — Última modificación 14/11/2008 10:26
This report presents findings from a twenty month-long project focusing on transnational challenges and opportunities in the multidimensional relationship between Mexico and the United States, ranging from migration, security, and cross-border politics to governance and institution building. The core of the project was a series of discussions among leaders from diverse sectors and locations in the United States and Mexico. These discussions, conducted in Spanish and English and led by Dr. Dresser, were remarkably frank and open and yielded a rich set of observations and policy implications. The findings reflect these discussions as well as the authors’ own analysis of recent thinking on transnationalism. The work on this project had the second salutary consequence of fostering the development of a North American network of experts, politicians, educators, and business, labor and community leaders interested in exploring transnational issues together and committed to influencing policy choices. Networks such as these are crucial in the current environment where issues of border security and unauthorized migration are highly sensitive political issues in both Mexico and the U.S. and in relations between the two countries.
Incorporating in the United States and Mexico: Mexican Immigrant Mobilization and Organization in Four American Cities por Miryam Hazan — Última modificación 06/12/2008 17:08
This work analyzes the political incorporation of Mexican immigrants into both their home and host countries through the examination of the origins, dynamics and patterns of action of first-generation Mexican-American organizations in four American cities: Chicago, New York, Los Angeles and Dallas. Political incorporation has traditionally implied that immigrants abandon their political interests in their country of origin. Because immigrant political incorporation is often tightly linked to and influenced by incorporation or reincorporation into the homeland, these two processes should be studied together. The work presented is based on a large and unique data set based on extensive fieldwork and numerous interviews in the four cities. Among the major findings are: (1) Mexican organizations in the four cities were created from the 1990s onwards in reaction to conditions and incentives in both the United States and Mexico, casting doubt on transnational approaches that attribute the emergence of these organizations to technological developments and other similar factors; (2) convergence in the types of organizations Mexicans have established is explained by explicit home country policies oriented towards mobilizing and organizing them, while variations are explained by immigrants’ interactions with the structures of opportunity they have encountered in the cities where they have settled; and (3) mobilization towards Mexico has had a positive effect on domestic mobilization as well, challenging the view that reestablishing ties to their homeland diminishes immigrant’s interest in their host country. However, homeland mobilization may have the negative effect of dividing immigrants along Mexican party lines.
The Hispanic Vote in the 2008 Democratic Presidential Primaries por Susan Minushkin y Mark Hugo Lopez — Última modificación 17/01/2009 10:33
The exit poll data used in this report come from the Edison Media Research and Mitofsky International National Election Pool Entrance and Exit Poll Surveys of voters in states that have held primaries and caucuses this year. Data for the analysis of voters in the 16 Democratic primaries held on Super Tuesday, Feb. 5, 2008, were provided to the Pew Hispanic Center on a contractual basis by Edison Media Research and Mitofsky International. These 16 exit polls were aggregated and weighted into a single dataset for Hispanic, white non-Hispanic and black non-Hispanic voters. The sample size for the aggregated Hispanic voter dataset was 1,809 survey respondents. The sample size for the white non-Hispanic voter dataset was 11,558. And the size for the black non-Hispanic voter dataset was 3,120. The 16 states included in this aggregated analysis are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Utah. All other analysis from entrance and exit polls conducted by Edison/Mitofsky in non-Super Tuesday states, including Texas, comes from tabulations made publicly available by CNN. Results from Puerto Rico are based on complete vote tallies published by the Puerto Rico State Electoral Commission.
The Hispanic Vote in the 2008 Election por Mark Hugo Lopez — Última modificación 17/01/2009 10:36
Exit poll results for this report were obtained from CNN’s Election 2008 website and are based on the Edison Media Research’s National Election Pool national and state exit poll surveys of voters as reported on November 7, 2008. In addition to an analysis of the national Latino vote, nine states were examined. These states are Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico and Texas.
En las fronteras de la identidad o los contornos de una comunidad imaginada por Felipe Reyes Romo — Última modificación 02/05/2009 10:55
Testimonios e Imagenes de la Migracion Nahua por Martha Garcia — Última modificación 01/07/2009 09:44
Membresia e Identidad en Procesos Migratorios: la Experiencia de la Asociacion Micaltepecana por Gustavo Lopez Angel — Última modificación 27/07/2009 12:45
El estudio de caso que se aborda muestra la naturaleza de las relaciones que la Asociación Micaltepecana -una organización de migrantes con representación local- establece en los diversos espacios donde el proceso migratorio ha construido prolongaciones de la comunidad transnacional. Se utiliza la etnografía multilocal por ser la herramienta adecuada para captar en todas sus dimensiones la arena dónde se esta librando la contienda por la membresía de sus miembros.
En las fronteras de la identidad o los contornos de una comunidad imaginada por Felipe Reyes Romo — Última modificación 19/08/2009 13:51
Los Mexicanos en Estados Unidos. Empleo y Migracion por Rodolfo Cruz Pineiro — Última modificación 07/10/2009 14:14
La Migracion a Estados Unidos en el Estado de Morelos por Paula Leite — Última modificación 17/11/2009 18:26
Roads to Citizenship: Mexican Migrants in the United States por Alejandra Castaneda — Última modificación 22/11/2009 14:57
The present article addresses Mexican migrants' practices of citizenship and their relations with the nation-states they inhabit by bringing together three elements: law, belonging, and the formal political arena. Citizenship, formed and protected by laws, lived and enacted by individuáis, both forbids and necessitates migrants. How do migrants enact citizenship and impact the nation-state? Rather than accepting migrants as marginal actors facing the nation-state, I argüe that citizenship is-constructed both by nation-states and by migrants' transnational practices. The article reviews the set of laws formed by the Mexican Non-loss of Nationality law and the constitutional reform to Article 36 that opened the possibility for the vote-abroad. Likewise, it examines the 1996 US immigration law, the 1996 Welfare Reform legislation (in the aspects that pertain to immigration), as well as California's 1994 Proposition 187. This work also presents stories of Mexican migrants and some of their transnational practices of belonging, particularly as they engage with the legal framework they encounter. Finally, the article introduces the story of a Mexican migrant who participates in Mexican politics and, in so doing, sets in motion the legal structure developed in 1996, thus revealing the contradictions and limitations entailed in these laws.
Assessing Mexican Immigrants' Contributions to Arizona's Economy and Society por Bernardo Mendez Lugo — Última modificación 20/05/2010 13:47
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